Incidence: The term incidence represents the number of new cases reported over a specific time period. Incidence proportion is a measure of the risk of disease or the probability of developing the disease during the specified period.
Daily Case Incident Rate Per 100,000: This number is the incidence (number of new cases) for the past 14 days calculated per 100,000 people and then averaged over the past 14 days for a daily average rate.
# of confirmed cases (in 14 day period) X 100,000
Winthrop Population 14
Percent Positivity Rate: This number is the total number of positive COVID-19 tests in the last 14 days divided by the total number of COVID-19 tests in the last 14 days.
Self-observation means people should remain alert for subjective fever, cough, or difficulty breathing. If they feel feverish or develop cough or difficulty breathing during the self-observation period, they should take their temperature, self-isolate, limit contact with others, and seek advice by telephone from a healthcare provider or their local health department to determine whether medical evaluation is needed.
Self-monitoring means people should monitor themselves for fever by taking their temperatures twice a day and remain alert for cough or difficulty breathing. If they feel feverish or develop measured fever, cough, or difficulty breathing during the self-monitoring period, they should self-isolate, limit contact with others, and seek advice by telephone from a healthcare provider or their local health department to determine whether medical evaluation is needed.
Close contact is defined as:
a) being within approximately 6 feet (2 meters) of a COVID-19 case for a prolonged period of time; close contact can occur while caring for, living with, visiting, or sharing a healthcare waiting area or room with a COVID-19 case
– or –
b) having direct contact with infectious secretions of a COVID-19 case (e.g., being coughed on)
Isolation means the separation of a person or group of people known or reasonably believed to be infected with a communicable disease and potentially infectious from those who are not infected to prevent spread of the communicable disease. Isolation for public health purposes may be voluntary or compelled by federal, state, or local public health order.
Quarantine in general means the separation of a person or group of people reasonably believed to have been exposed to a communicable disease but not yet symptomatic, from others who have not been so exposed, to prevent the possible spread of the communicable disease.
Social distancing means remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet or 2 meters) from others when possible.
Source: Winthrop Department of Public Health, Massachusetts Department of Public Health and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention